History - Korea Tourism Organization

Although the establishment mythology of Korea goes back to 2333 BC, some archeological findings and even artifacts dating back to Lower Paleolithic Period (time interval covering from 2.4 million years to 200.000 years) and Jeulmun Pottery Era (8000-1000 BC) had been recovered.

According to oral and written narratives, in some periods powerful kingdoms exerted a widespread hegemony in Korean Peninsula, but in other periods, wars and alliances among small states had been observed and noted.

Between 57 BC and 668 AD, the peninsula and even Manchuria had been a fighting ground of the Three Kingdoms, (GoguryeoBaekje, and Silla) for six centuries, which was finalized by Silla in 676. After this unification succeeded by Silla, North South States Period (676-936) took place.

After the fall of this empire by inner power struggles, different states had fought to take control over Korean Peninsula; however long term unification had not been succeeded until Joseon Dynasty (1392-1010).

Korea had its freedom after the Japanese Invasion (1910-1045), and following the end of the World War II, in 1948, divided into to at 38th Parallel. While North Korea has been governed by communism; South Korea, known as the Republic of Korea, adopted liberal policies and became one of the greatest economies in the world thanks to a successful industrial revolution